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Top 5 Fertilizers & How To Use Them

Posted by Garrett Cleverly on 4/12/2017

Tips from our nursery pros for great growth all year long

Fertilizers for everything on your landscape

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With spring already here it’s time to start thinking about getting your yard growing again. Spring is when everything on your landscape will do the majority of its growing, which means that right now is the time of year that they will need the essential micro and macro nutrients to help them thrive all year long in our native soils. It doesn't matter what types of plants or trees you have on your landscape as palm trees, desert trees, tropical plants, fruit and citrus, shrubs, and evergreen trees all need these nutrients to grow healthy and strong. 

With so many fertilizers on the market, it can be overwhelming trying to find the correct one for your landscape. Fortunately, the nursery pros at Moon Valley Nurseries have eliminated the headaches and guessing game for you by developing highly specialized blends of fertilizer designed to trigger growth responses for our native soils. Our pros have been growing and planting trees and shrubs in our region for more than 40 years. These fertilizers have been time and tested and our pros use all of these fertilizers on our thousand acre grow yards all year long. 

Download Your Fertilizer Coupon

Using the correct fertilizer is key, and below are a handful of fertilizers that our pros recommend

moon-juice-3.pngSupercharged Moon Juice
When to use: New planting, freeze/frost damage, wind/physical damage, and heat/summer stress
Our Supercharged Moon Juice was designed specifically for growing in the tough soils in our region. Every bottle of Moon Juice contains Furst Liquid technologies which include a proprietary blend of organic enzymes and amino acids to stimulate the growth signals within the plant. it increased nutrient uptake, promotes new growth, helps improve fertilizer efficiency, and it enhances the ability to ward of disease. Supercharged Moon Juice also contains the three most important micro-nutrients required by nearly every tree and plant. Iron, Manganese and Zinc is a part of Moon Juice because they are typically deficient in most warm weather soils. In addition, thiamine mononitrate (Vitamin B-1) is included for it’s beneficial effects on new plantings.Purchase here.

 

Palm-Juice-1.pngSuper Palm Juice
When to use: New planting, stressed or yellowing palms, heat stress 
Our Super Palm Juice was created to fertilizer every palm in your landscape. Palms have special nutrient requirements and the formula in our Super Palm Juice provides them with a variety of different major and micro nutrients including potash, manganese, iron, sulfur, zinc, copper, and boron. This combination of nutrients provides a well-balanced nourishment as they grow and mature. Also included in our Super Palm Juice is Furst Liquid technology, which triggers a natural response in the palm to allow it to take in more available nutrients in the soil. This reaction increases fertilizer efficiency, palm health, yield potential, and the overall quality of the palm. When used as directed, Super Palm Juice helps produce thicker, stronger trunks, while maintaining the fronds with a healthy, dark green appearance that results in lush dense crowns. Purchase here.

Moon-Green.pngMoon Green
When to use: Reduce soil alkalinity, neutralize caliche or tight clay soil, make thick and fuller hedge plants, darker green leaves 
Our Moon Green was created as a super easy and safe solution for yellowing trees and plants. Iron Chlorosis is a problem for many of us homeowners in our region, and Moon Green helps reduce soil alkalinity, neutralize caliche/tight clay type soils, and promotes darker and greener leaves and grass. Infusing Moon Green with Furst liquid brings the critical organic enzymes and amino acids that help stimulate the growth signals within plants. These nutrients help stimulate root hair growth and stronger cell development, allowing water and important micro-nutrients to pass through to stems and leaves much more efficiently. Purchase here.

 

moon-dust-1.pngMoon Dust
When to use: Vigorous root growth, rich green leaves, strong new growth
Our Moon Dust Fertilizer is an organic blend developed especially for tough, compact alkaline soils. Moon Dust provides vital nutrients like Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium. These are essential elements in a perfect horticultural ratio that will benefit all of the trees and plants in your landscape. Moon Dust helps trees and plants grow faster, stronger and flourish with less water, Citrus and fruit trees produce larger and tastier crops, Flowering shrubs have longer and more abundant bloom cycles, and makes bedding plants and groundcovers more vibrant. Purchase here.

Soil.pngSoil & Water Conditioner
When to use: Reduce effects of salt present in water and soil, encourage deeper root growth, loosen tight/heavy soil
One of the most difficult aspects of growing trees and plants in Arizona is the hard, compact soil and high Ph found in our soil and water. This alkaline condition prevents major and minor nutrients from converting into compounds that are available to living plant roots, and the compact soil prevents proper drainage of water. To counteract the difficult soil in our region, Moon Valley Nurseries has developed a Soil and Water Conditioner that contains two special elements: Sulfur reduces the high Ph by flushing out the excess salt buildup in the root system. The removal of the excess salt creates a soil base that converts nutrients easily. Gypsum is the other special element and it will loosen soil leading to better drainage and healthier soils. Several applications per year will make a noticeable difference. Purchase here.

Remember to fertilize all your trees and plants monthly from now all the way through October. We know your landscape is an important investment for your home and family, and that’s why we’re always here to help – feel free to visit or call our nursery with any of your questions. Neglected trees are the most common cause of death, and healthy trees will withstand the elements much better. Taking just a few moments once a month to feed your trees is the easiest way to protect your investment…you wouldn’t let your pet starve, so why let your trees and plants? Click here to map a nursery location near you

 

Topics: Insider

How to Prevent, Control, & Remove Aphids & Other Insects

Posted by Garrett Cleverly on 3/22/2017

Tips from our nursery pros for an aphid and insects free yard

How to Prevent, Control & Remove

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The spring season is officially here and while you're out on your neighborhood walk enjoying the nice weather, the blooming flowers, the smell of citrus, and birds chirping you may notice the spring bugs on a neighbors landscape or even worse your landscape!

There is no need to stress as bugs are everywhere this time of year and there are ways to prevent, control and remove them. In this blog, we'll be taking a look at the Aphid, which is a sap-sucking insect that are small and can be found in almost any climate, and other insects that are enjoying a free lunch every day on your landscape. 

How To Prevent Aphids & Insects

There are a few ways to prevent aphids and other insects and please remember that every landscape is different. Some practices may not work on your landscape or on the aphids you are trying to prevent. 

Ladybug.pngOne option is to attract ladybugs to your landscape. They will eat the aphids and insects that may cause damage to your landscape. Keep in mind that ladybugs are just like humans. They will go to where the food is. You may have some ladybugs one day next day and then the next day aphids and insects show up. There are a few plants that attract ladybugs like the Marigold, Alyssum, and Geranium to name a few. All of these are available at Moon Valley Nurseries locations.

Another way to prevent aphids and insects is companion planting. A few plants to consider at strong smelling herbs (basil, oregano, rosemary etc.) that can deter them and other plants like mustard and nasturtium, which aphids are especially attracted to. Remember, that each and every landscape is different. Some prevention methods may work and some may not work. Always best to do a trial-and-error and to record your results. 

How To Control & Remove Aphids & Insects

Let's pretend that you were gone for the weekend and aphids and insects have literally overtaken your landscape. What do you do? Well there are a few options our nursery professionals recommend.

Fertilome.pngSystemic insecticides
Systemic insecticides are tools usually used when a homeowner has a difficult time removing the aphids and insects from a particular tree or shrub. When applied, the plant will soak up the systemic insecticides in the soil and then it will be transported through the plant. Insects that feed on the plant will then digest the systemic insecticides. We wouldn't recommend using this on garden veggies or fruit and citrus trees. Download your Insecticide Coupon today!

 

Remove Ants Colonies
Ants are amazing insects and one of the amazing things they do is that they farm aphids. And no, were are not kidding. Some species of ants will carry the aphids into your trees. If you see this happening, a way to control the aphids is to remove the any colony. 

Physical Removal
If buys don't totally creep you out, just reach your hand into the problem area and remove the aphids and insects. Best to always be safe, so wear a pair of gardening gloves. 

waterhose.pngWater Pressure
This is pretty straight forward. Take the garden hose and spray the aphids and insects off. Now, we do not recommend you do this to young or tender shrubs and trees. This method can be quite effective.

Soap & Water
Put a few tablespoons of dish soap and hot water into a spray bottle. Simply just spray the mixture on the aphids. IT IS IMPORTANT to know that this removal will also harm and possibly kill beneficial insects. We recommend using caution when doing this as you do not want to take out the ladybugs in your landscape. 

Moon Valley Nurseries is your one stop shop for all your landscape needs. Our experts have decades worth of experience and they will be able to assist you with any and all projects you may have. Click here to map a nursery near you.

Topics: Insider

Swimming Season Is Here Is your yard Ready

Posted by Garrett Cleverly on 3/1/2017

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With the weather starting to warm up that means epic pool parties and if you're looking to turn heads this year not only do you need a pool (duh) but a well landscaped backyard that will make you the king or queen of summer among your family, friends, and neighbors. 

Fortunately for us, our climate allows us us to plant a wide range of palm trees and shrubs that can turn any pool party into a tropical paradise. Best part is that all of these palms and shrubs are super easy to grow, require minimal maintenance, and have practically no mess.

If your looking to become tropical royalty, check out the varieties our nursery pros recommend below. 

Piru-Queen-Palm-2-1.pngQueen Palm
Specially grown at Moon Valley Nursery farms, the Piru Queen Palm is unlike other Queen Palms. Our Piru Queen Palms feature thicker and harder trunks, denser and greener fronds, and produce fuller crowns than other Queen Palms. Moon Valley Nurseries Piru Queen Palms can handle hot summers, cold winters, and windy days. The Piru Queen Palm is supported by a narrow trunk which makes it ideal in tight spaces around your pool, but it does require overhead space as the palm grows to statuesque heights.

 

Med-Fan-Palm-2-1.pngMediterranean Fan Palm
This striking medium sized palm is the only palm native to Europe and it is prized for its unique multi-trunk vertical growth, fan-shaped fronds, and aesthetically pleasing growth pattern that looks fantastic around pools and as centerpieces to any landscape. The reason why the Mediterranean Fan Palm can serve as a centerpiece is due to its growth pattern. The trunks of the Chamaerops humilis palm clump together, giving the palm a full thick look. Because they can be grown to display a full look, many homeowners have planted these palms in a cluster to create a barrier wall. Mediterranean Fan Palms also can fill in empty spots between large trees or in containers as well.

windmill-palm-1.pngWindmill Palm
One of the most unique palms that we offer at Moon Valley Nurseries is the Windmill palm. It’s narrow trunk and upright growth pattern has allowed hundreds of our customers to plant these in close proximity for an interesting multi-trunk appearance. It is both cold and hot tolerant and when shaved, the trunk exposes the colorful old frond layers giving it a unique look in any landscape.

 

 

Pgymy-palm-1.pngPygmy Date Palm
At Moon Valley Nursery, we have custom grown all of our Pygmy Date Palms from our best specimens at our farms ranging from Southern California the Arizona desert. Our climate and special Super Palm Juice fertilizer generates thicker trunks, fuller crowns, and more robust roots for the Pygmy Date Palm. This separates our Pygmy Date Palms from other you’ll see at other nurseries. Our look better than the average Pygmy Date Palm, perform better, thrive in hot full sun, and are more cold hardy than typical Pygmy Date Palms.

 

Sago-palm-1.pngSago Palm
A Sago may look like a palm tree, but it's actually a Cycad. This genus has been relatively unchanged for 200 million years, making the Sago a living fossil. Sagos are slow growing and the only maintenance they require is when removing the old fronds. The fronds extend out from the center of the trunk exposing the eye-catching brown trunk. Both cold and heat hardy, the Sago can be grown in full to partial sun and it a wonderful option to be planted in large pots and containers.

 

 

king.pngKing Palm
King Palms are some of the best palms to plant around pools, tropical landscapes, or as focal points in front of a home. As the King Palm develops, it produces a great canopy of shade and when it comes to color, the King Palm is one of the best palm varieties for Southern California. The trunk is smooth with a lime-green crown shaft and a brown trunk that shows the growth rings. At the top, dark-green fronds rarely drop below the crown shaft adding a rich color that makes the lime-green crown shaft pop.  

 

tropical-bird.pngTropical Bird of Paradise
Tropical Bird of Paradise is a surprisingly sturdy tropical shrub in hot climates. A major requirement, however, is good drainage so they can be watered deeply and set strong roots. Once established they are fairly drought tolerant. It's bright orange and blue flowers appear fall through spring on mature plants. Tropical looking leaves can reach 5’ high and spread as wide. Tropical Birds will acclimate to full sun but prefer protection in afternoons during hot summers. Grow in pots and raised planters in garden settings.

 

Hibiscus-1-1.pngHibiscus
Available in red, white, yellow, and pink, hibiscus are medium to large growing shrubs with very lush, dark foliage and beautiful flowers that are sure to turn heads. These beautiful flowering plants prefer to be planted in well-prepared garden soil that drains well and need even moisture for their roots. Be careful though as heavy soil tends to suffocate them. We have them available in red, pink, white, and yellow. 

 

 

Moon Valley Nurseries is your one stop shop for all your landscape needs. Our experts have decades worth of experience and they will be able to assist you with any and all projects you may have. Click here to map a nursery near you.

Topics: Insider

Ficus

Posted by Paul Popoff on 2/17/2017

Ficus

All About the Ficus

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Dark green leaves and thick canopy’s, contrasting with beautifully colored white trunks. These are a just a few of the characteristics that make the ficus such a beautiful and versatile shade tree to plant in any landscape style. Native to India, Malaysia and most of Southeast Asia, the ficus has found its home from Southern California into the Desert Southwest of Arizona and into Florida. This extremely popular tree grows in many forms and offers many uses for the homeowners and business owners alike.

Ficus Styles

Ficus-Columns.pngFicus Hedge

Nothing makes a backyard feel like a resort than to create a private escape from the outside world. The Ficus are the best choice to help you accomplish this if building a 20 foot wall of concrete does not sound appealing. These trees grow full from ground to top and can be planted in rows together to create a thick, lush privacy screen separating your backyard from those nosey neighbors, loud streets or other unwanted views. The Hollywood Hedge as owner Les Blake has coined these, has become a favorite for everyone from Hollywood’s elite, major business and homeowners looking to be able to enjoy their backyards without worrying about the outside world.

Ficus-10.pngFicus

Blocking unwanted views aside the standard Ficus tree does it all as well. These are your typical tree style showing off their beautiful silver-white trunks and thick crowns. These are evergreen trees meaning they are green year round and are one of the cleanest trees you can plant and easiest to care for! Fics are a medium to large shade tree depending on how you trim or keep them, they can be kept fairly small and compact or allowed to grow and cast great shade and privacy. Planting these trees in your yard and in the proper location will not only add grace and beauty but can also decrease energy cost as well as increase home resale values. According to the Arbor Day Foundation’s research “83 percent of realtors® believe that mature trees have a ‘strong or moderate impact’ on the salability of homes listed for under $150,000; on homes over $250,000, this perception increases to 98 percent.”

multitrunk.pngMulti Trunk Ficus

Like the other Ficus listed this tree gives you all the benefits of privacy, shade, and increased home value while decreasing energy cost. This tree is unique in its appearance however. Growing with multiple trunks out of the ground this is a more stylistic tree making a great focal point anywhere in your landscape or business. Many customers will choose to use up-lighting on these specimens to showcase these magnificent trees at night as well.

 

 

Ficus Facts

  • Medium to Large Shade
  •  Evergreen
  •  Easy to Grow & Establish
  • Drought Tolerant Once Established
  • Perfect For Hedges & Privacy
  •  For Best Results Fertilize Monthly with Moon Dust

Moon Valley Nurseries is your one stop shop for all your landscape needs. Our experts have decades worth of experience and they will be able to assist you with any and all projects you may have. Click here to map a nursery near you

Want more information about trees? Click here to sign up. Join Our News Letter

 

Topics: Insider

Don't plant central valley olive trees!

Posted by Paul Popoff on 1/20/2017

 

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CENTRAL VALLEY OLIVES AND THEIR IMPACT ON HOMEOWNERS

Don't be fooled by cheap trees!

Beautiful silver green foliage with lacy arching branches combine to make a thick dense shade and are the perfect symbol of a Mediterranean escape. This is what makes the olive trees, (olea europea), so attractive to homeowners. Unfortunately, there is a disease that is threatening to ruin our beautiful trees and this disease has originated from the Central Valley region in California. Olive Quick Decline, as it is called, is quickly taking over the tree, causing branch die back and eventually the entire tree will parish. Olive Quick Decline has similar symptoms to leaf scorch from psyllids, (which is another issue in the Central Valley).
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Quick Olive Decline can be spread by insects, pruning, and other environmental factors. The easiest and best way to prevent the spread of this disease is to avoid buying Olive trees from the Central Valley region and purchase local Southern California grown trees from reputable sources such as Moon Valley Nurseries. Contractors and landscapers are purchasing these Central Valley Olive trees because they are able to get inferior trees, cheaply, and make a larger profit all while undercutting local growers.

Don't be fooled by a low price on a cheap olive tree, you could be putting the rest of your landscape in danger by doing so. Moon Valley Nurseries has been growing trees for decades and has our very own Olive tree farm nestled in the beautiful Temecula wine country that is several hundred acres and growing! We grow all types of Olives from the fruiting Manzanillo and Mission Olive trees to Ancient Olives 100+ years old and the Fruitless Wilsonii Olive trees as well. All of our Olive trees are certified disease free and are guaranteed to stay that way for at least 2 years, no other company can say that! Moon Valley Nurseries has also been planting trees for decades and has a team of expertly trained professionals that will come to your home and get the job done right the first time.

Don't wait any longer and take any chances with your landscape, stop into any Moon Valley Nurseries today and purchase the best Southern California Olive trees available!

Topics: Insider, landscape tips, gardening, knowledge base

November Landscape and Garden Tips

Posted by Paul Popoff on 11/15/2016

Winter Watering, Fertilizing, What Trees to Plant Now and More

November Landscape Garden Tip.jpg

In this months issue of November Landscape and Garden Tips, we have a wealth of information that is going to help you and your yard this season. This is the time of year when things finally begin to change around town. Some trees are changing color as they adjust to the cooler winter temperatures and others are pushing out spurts of new growth. One of the most overlooked practices this time of year by homeowners is watering and fertilizing. A big misconception is that because everything is pushing out new growth and seems to be growing well, that they are getting the right amount of water and fertilizer, unfortunately more often than not, this isn't the case.

To Do List:

  •  Winter Watering: During the cooler months it is important that we back off the watering frequency. This allows trees, plants and even grass a chance to develop strong deep roots that will encourage more growth come the following spring. This also creates a landscape that is less susceptible to disease and insect infestation. It is important to continue to water deeply each time you water, and different plants will have different frequency requirements. You can download our watering guide here Winter Watering Guide to help you get a better idea on just how to take care of your landscape. 
  • Fertilization: Fertilizing everything and hardening them up as we say in the industry is a great way to give your landscape one last push through the winter months. Fertilizing your palms, shade trees, evergreen trees, flowering trees, and even your dormant trees now gives them the best chance of pulling though the winter and taking off come spring time. We recommend using our custom blended fertilizers for your landscape needs as they are specifically formatted for our soil and weather conditions. These cane be purchased at all Moon Valley Nursery locations or online here
  • Vegetable Gardens: Fall and winter is a great time to be planting your winter veggies! Our cold weather vegetables are going to be things like cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, kale, lettuce, peas, spinach and everyones favorite tomatoes and jalapenos! These should all be started now and fertilized once a month while they are growing. These need to be watered regularly and given a chance to dry out in between each watering cycle. This helps them to develop good strong roots through post production. 

Below are a few trees our experts recommend planting for this month

Chinese-Elm-3.pngChinese Elm 'True Green'
One of the best shade trees or those sun drenched homes, the Chinese Elm is an attractive tree that can be planted as the focal point in any landscape. It absolutely loves the sun and the variety we carry at Moon Valley Nurseries does not weep. Ours is a fast growing tree that grow upright and round for maximum shade and curb appeal. It's leaves are small and elliptic in shape and the bark sheds in a puzzle fashion. It's a fantastic option for any landscape seeking instant shade. 

 

Tipu-11.pngTipu
This fast growing tree is an excellent option for those water conscious homeowners looking to add shade and color at the same time. The Tipu is one of the fastest growing varieties we offer at Moon Valley Nurseries . In time, it's upright and open umbrella shaped canopy will provide shade where desired. When it comes to color, it's flowers are a golden yellow color and are abundant in late spring to early summer. It can become drought tolerant once established and it thrives in cold and heat. 

 

Museum-Palo-Verde.pngMuseum Palo Verde
This eye-catching desert tree is a must have for every home. It is a hybrid of different Palo Verde species that brings out the best qualities of each. It creates a massive and wide reaching canopy of layered shade that provides sun to any shrubs plants underneath the canopy. It blooms massive amounts of yellow flowers throughout the spring and can bloom again in the fall. The tree is supported by an attractive twisting blue-green trunk that provides a stark contrast to any landscape. Once established it rarely needs any water and is a fantastic desert tree for those looking for curb appeal. 

Brazilian-pepper-3.pngBrazilian Pepper
This evergreen tree may be native to Brazil, but it is right at home in our climate. This tree is one of the best water wise trees we carry at Moon Valley Nurseries and it just absolutely thrives in our sun and heat. It's lush and thick umbrella shaped canopy is supported by its dense branches that criss-cross and spread out from the main trunk. It produces white flowers in late spring and in the fall and winter it produces pinkish colored fruits in clusters. Many homeowners use these berries during the holidays for crafty displays. 

 

California-Pepper-1.pngCalifornia Pepper
Even though this tree has the name "pepper" in it, it is vastly different when compared to the Brazilian Pepper. The California Pepper is originally from South America, but it has found a home in our region. It is an evergreen tree that displays a weeping appearance that is graceful looking. It thrives in our sun and it produces a broad canopy of layered shade. It grows more upright than it does wide and it is supported by its strong trunk and branches. The California Pepper also produces red-colored berries in small and rounded clusters. It requires minimal water once established.

Lemon-2.pngFruit & Citrus - Lemon tree in photo
We always like to think that the #1 benefit to living in our climate is the fact that we can all grow our own food almost all-year long and we're not talking about the vegetable garden. We're talking bigger, and Moon Valley Nurseries has the biggest selection of fruit and citrus trees. seriously, there is no need to run to the grocery store to buy lemons, oranges, grapefruit, apples, peaches, avocados (only in CA), limes, tangerines, tangelos, kumquats, nectarines, apricots,. plums, and figs. Because we offer all of these fruit and citrus trees. They are all super easy to grow and many of our varieties are already producing. No need to buy a small tree and wait 5 years. Purchase one of ours and your tree is already producing!

Jacaranda-6.pngJacaranda
These trees can be found almost anywhere in our region for a reason. Their showy, blue-purple flowers in large-thick clusters is what makes this tree a popular flowering tree for just about any landscape. The Jacaranda loves the full sun and it can handle the cold as well. it's growth pattern is upright, as if it was trying to reach for the stars and the tips of its branches are where the clusters of flowers bloom. The Jacaranda has more of an open canopy creating shade to a large area where shade is desired. We offer single and multi-trunk varieties at Moon Valley Nurseries and this tree is one of the most eye-catching curb appeal trees you cab plant.

Magnolia-2.pngMagnolia
The Southern United States does not have a monopoly on this tree, and they can be found throughout our region. Magnolia's are amazing trees. For starters, their cream-white flowers not only are impressive to look at, they also give off a pleasing aroma.  It's large waxy-like leaves have helped the Magnolia have a thick canopy, giving much-needed shade. At Moon Valley Nurseries, a few of our Magnolia varieties have the green and brown backs adding yet another layer of color. Over time, the Magnolia will create a wide range of shade and it absolutely thrives in our sun and heat.

Japanese-Blueberry-1.pngJapanese Blueberry
The Japanese Blueberry is a visually appealing evergreen due to its dense, lush foliage and striking leaf color throughout the year which provides a fantastic backdrop for contrasting flowers and shrubs. It thrives in full sun and handle the cold extremely well. It has become one of regions most planted hedge variety and is an excellent choice for just about any landscape.

 

 

Carolina-Cherry-2.pngCarolina Cherry
Native to the Southeastern United States, the Carolina Cherry has become a popular choice for its minimal maintenance, natural upright conical shape, and ability to tolerate heat, drought, and wind. The Carolina Cherry is a small to medium-sized evergreen with dark green, lustrous wavy-edged foliage on brown thornless stems. They can be easily sheared into a tall screen or sound barrier which make them a near-perfect option for many homes. 

 


Moon Valley Nurseries is your one stop shop for all your landscape needs. Our experts have decades worth of experience and they will be able to assist you with any projects or questions you may have. Remember to change your watering schedule as we enter the winter and be sure to map a Moon Valley Nurseries locations right here

CLICK FOR IMPORTANT INFO - Winter Watering Guide

Topics: Insider, Monthly Tips, Expert, Industry Expert

Winter Watering 101

Posted by Garrett Cleverly on 11/10/2015

Winter Watering 101

A big challenge for many homeowners is understanding proper watering for the material in our landscape. Understanding proper techniques is especially important when we transition from one season to another. As the Valley begins to cool down, it is important to get out into our yards and ensure that everything in the landscape is receiving ample water. 

During the winter, cooler days and less sunlight cause the soil to stay moist for a longer period of time. Our nursery experts recommend decreasing the frequency you water your trees and plants from November to February.

We've put together a handy guide that looks at the components and importance of understanding the proper watering methods and irrigation schedule for your landscape. 

There are four key components:
-WHERE to place the water
- HOW MUCH to apply
- HOW FAST to apply
- HOW OFTEN to apply

It's important to remember that various factors such as weather, plant maturity, plant/tree type, and soil type affect these components. 

WHEN TO WATER: The best and most ideal time to water the material on your landscape is in the morning when the ground is at its coldest point. This allows the water to penetrate deeper into the soil without losing too much due to evaporation. 

WHERE TO WATER: Absorbing roots usually spread 1 1/2 to 3 times as wide as the canopy and are within 1 to 3 feet of the soil surface. IT IS IMPORTANT TO WATER AROUND THE TREE AND NOT JUST AT THE BASE.

Picture HOW MUCH WATER: 

It is important to know the water depth for the following.

Trees - 3 feet
Shrubs - 2 feet
Flower - 12-18 inches

You are going to want to apply enough water to wet the soil. Use a pointed metal rod to test how deeply you have watered by inserting it into the ground soon after you irrigate. The rod will effortlessly slide through the wet soil and become difficult to push when it reaches the dry soil.​

 

HOW FAST: Water should be applied only as quickly as it can be absorbed by the soil. Applying water too quickly causes erosion, wastes the water and compacts the soil surface.

HOW OFTEN: The soil should be allowed to dry out between watering. The weather, plant/tree maturity, plant/tree type, soil type and irrigation method are all key factors determining where to place the water, how much to apply and how often to apply water.

WEATHER: During the winter, you want to decrease the frequency you water your plants and trees. The cooler temperatures and less sunlight allows the soil to stay moist for a longer period of time. 

PLANT MATURITY: Newly established trees and plant may require more frequent water in winter months compared to mature trees and plants. Still remember to check the soil so you don't over or under water the material in your landscape. 

IRRIGATION/WATERING METHODS
The type of watering method will determine how long it will take to adequately water your plants/trees.

DRIP IRRIGATION: Be sure to have enough well-placed emitters to cover the entire root ball. Program the system to run long enough to apply enough water to penetrate the roots of the tree or plant. 

BUBBLERS: Be sure the basins are level and extend beyond the of the canopy.

FLOOD IRRIGATION: This is an excellent technique developing deep-rooted trees.

HOSES: A perforated soaker house spread throughout the root zone is an effective device for watering trees and can be set under the mulch.

Additional TIPS FOR EFFICIENT WINTER WATERING:

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Topics: Insider

What's Eating My Tree?

Posted by Garrett Cleverly on 7/14/2015
Our trees and plants endure a lot during the hot and dry summers, and the Arizona weather isn’t the only thing that affects the material in our landscape. We also have our fair share of insects that cause added stress on our trees and plants. One of the most common insects that can affect your plant material are caterpillars. 
There are many varieties of caterpillars that affect different varieties of trees and plants. They eat the foliage off of your plants and cause severe damage. The good news is that they are fairly easy to detect and treat. 

The following is a list of the most common caterpillars we see and what to look for.

Leaf SkeletonizerLeaf Skeletonizer


These caterpillars will spread across the valley regularly and leave easily recognizable damage on your plants.

What to look for: Shrubbery will be left with white, skeletal remains on the affected leaves.

The main plants the skeletonizer enjoys eating are:
  • Most shrubs from the Tecoma family (Arizona Yellowbells, Orange Jubilee, Bells of Fire, Sparky)
  • Bougainvillea
  • Grape vines

Products we carry to treat:
  • Carbaryl - Comes in a liquid to spray on foliage and will have a residual effect. 
  • Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) - Comes in a liquid to spray on foliage or a dust to sprinkle on foliage. B.t. should be applied multiple times as it does not have a long lasting effect.
  • Spinosad -  Comes in a liquid to spray on foliage and will have a residual effect.

Genista Caterpillar
Genista Caterpillar 
These caterpillars affect the Texas Mountain Laurel tree and can do severe damage very quickly and can return year after year. It is recommended that if you have a Texas Mountain Laurel to pre-treat for the Genista Caterpillar. 

What to look for: Eggs. They can be found in the spring but are very small and not easily seen. Damage will be done around new growth and work its way into the plant. The Genista Caterpillar will eat the leaves and may leave behind webbing or cocoons.

Products we carry at all locations to treat:
  • Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) - Comes in a liquid form and is most effective when the insect is younger. B.t. will need to be applied multiple times as it does not have a long lasting effect.
  • Borer, Bagworm, Tent Caterpillar & Leafminer spray (Spinosad) - Comes in a liquid to spray on foliage and will have a residual effect. Most effective for larger caterpillars.
  • Tree & Shrub systemic insect drench (Imidacloprid) - Comes in a concentrated liquid to mix and pour around plant base for a long lasting effect.

Orange Dog Caterpillar
Orange Dog Caterpillar
These caterpillars affect citrus trees.

What to look for: These caterpillars will look a lot like bird dropping on your tree. They sometimes put out orange antennas and feed at night. Large trees can generally have a few leaves eaten by the Orange Dog Caterpillar and be just fine however they can come in large numbers or attack younger citrus and it is a good idea to treat for them.

Products we carry at all locations to treat:
  • Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) - Comes in a liquid to spray on foliage or a dust to sprinkle on foliage. B.t. should be applied multiple times as it does not have a long lasting effect.
  • Borer, Bagworm, Tent Caterpillar & Leafminer spray (Spinosad) - Comes in a liquid to spray on foliage and will have a residual effect.
  • Carbaryl - Comes in a liquid to spray on foliage and will have a residual effect. 
  • Tree & Shrub systemic insect drench (Imidacloprid) - Comes in a concentrated liquid to mix and pour around plant base for a long lasting effect. When using this product on citrus, remove fruit from the tree.

When you visit one of your Moon Valley Nursery locations, be sure to ask one of our certified nursery pros for the best way to deal with these caterpillars.

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