Arica Harrison

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The Importance of Fertilizing Your Trees in The Summer

Posted by Arica Harrison on 6/14/2018

moon-juice-nvAs summer is here in Arizona, we need to act now and fertilize our trees before it’s too hot. Yes, trees need a little help just like our flowers and other plants. It is important to make sure we are using fertilizer to assist in the healthy growth of our planted trees. At Moon Valley Nurseries, we understand the need and importance of fertilizing and have compiled some key information to pass along to you. 

 

What is Fertilizer?

First off, let’s start off with the basics – what is fertilizer? Fertilizer is any substance, natural (organic) or chemical (inorganic), that is added to soil or plant tissue to increase its health and nutrients. Most fertilizers contain essential micro and macro nutrients that trees and plants need that might not be present in the soil. Macro-nutrients are the substances needed in large quantities, some are found in air and water – Carbon, Oxygen, and Hydrogen. The main macro-nutrients usually needed in addition are Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium; Nitrogen is the most likely to be deficient in our soil.  The secondary nutrients which are less likely to be missing from soil are Calcium, Magnesium, and Sulfur. Among the common micro-nutrients (nutrients needed in much smaller amounts) are Zinc, Manganese, and Iron.  

 

Why is Fertilizer Important?

Urban and suburban trees need additional nutrients than what is provided in the surrounding environment. Unlike trees growing naturally in forests, our planted trees have more stressors and deficiencies. Forests provide naturally occurring fertilization due to animals and decomposing material found within their environment. Our trees do not have those same opportunities as we usually rake away fallen leaves and must deal with city stressors and construction. By using a fertilizer, we can provide the much-needed micro and macro nutrients that are deficient in our arid Southwest environment. When growing, trees need a steady supply of nutrients, fertilizing achieves that. By supplementing essential nutrients, we can assure that our trees will grow healthy and strong. Fertilizers help trees protect themselves from pests and disease – mush like how eating helps our immune systems. Healthy trees can withstand damage from their environment, like wind and heat stress.  It is important to fertilize our trees so that they can grow healthy and we can enjoy them instead of stressing over them. 

 

When Should We Fertilize?

Here is Arizona, now is the perfect time to fertilize your trees to get them the essential nutrients to help them thrive during our hot summer months. By fertilizing now, we can give our trees a better chance at fighting against heat and summer stressors. Last chance before it gets too hot! After it gets over 110 degrees, we suggest that you don’t do normal fertilizing but use Moon Juice, a liquid variety to help summer growth, every month. And every other month, to use Moon Valley’s Soil & Water Conditioner. 

It is important to set up a regular fertilizing program to ensure that you will have healthy trees all year round. We suggest fertilizing or using Moon Juice monthly to help with our warmer weather and dryer climate. If you want to have clear guidelines and timeframe, don’t hesitate to reach out to our knowledgeable pros at your local Moon Valley Nursery. Our custom blended fertilizers are designed to trigger growth responses so they can be used at any time, even after the ideal springtime growth season. 

Here are some signs of things to look for that fertilizers can help with: 

- Yellowing leaves that are smaller than normal. Overall growth is stunted – possible Nitrogen deficiency. 

- Small leaves with scorched edges, may be purplish or blue-green in color. Leaves may fall early. Overall growth seems weakened and reduced – possible Phosphorus deficiency. 

- Tips and edges of leaves are yellow and look scorched with brownish-purple spotting underneath – possible Potassium deficiency. 

- Leaves turn dark starting at the base and going outward then die – possible Calcium deficiency. 

- Leaves are yellow between the veins which stay green – possible Iron deficiency. 

- Center of leaves turn yellow or reddish in color. Dead spots appear – possible Magnesium deficiency. 

- Upper leaves turn yellow in the center between the veins – possible Manganese deficiency. 

- Veins are a lighter color than the tissue in between – possible Sulfur deficiency. 

 

Choosing a fertilizer can seem like a daunting process, as there are many varieties and choices out there. At Moon Valley Nurseries, we have developed highly specialized blends of fertilizers that we use throughout our growing farms and nurseries. Grower proven and grower approved. We want to remove any guesswork and confusion during the decision process. Any of our nursery professionals can help you select the perfect fertilizer for your tree’s needs. Below are a few of our recommended picks for trees. 

moon_juice_fert_better_2Supercharged Moon Juice –  Perfect for all trees and plants. Moon Juice has Furst liquid technology which helps maximize your tree’s potential. It includes a proprietary blend of organic enzymes and amino acids that stimulate the growth signals within a plant or tree. Moon Juice contains the three most important micro-nutrients – Iron, Manganese, and Zinc. It also has Vitamin B-1, thiamine mononitrate which is beneficial for new plantings. Moon Juice enhances a tree’s ability to recover and prevent issues from stresses caused by extreme heat, transplanting, and other events. Supercharge your trees! 

 

palm_juice_fertSuper Palm Juice  Palm trees are a major staple in Arizona landscapes. And just like the unique look they bring, palm trees need a unique blend of nutrients. Moon Valley’s Super Palm Juice is custom blended as a liquid to include Potash, Manganese, Iron, Sulfur, Zinc, Copper, and Boron. This super easy-to-use liquid will help produce stronger, thicker trunks and dark green fronds creating a healthier palm. Use Super Palm Juice to correct yellow, weak, or disfigured fronds. 

 

 

moon_dust_fertMoon Dust  All-purpose tree & plant fertilizer! A custom, organic blend that contains the three macro-nutrients needed, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potash (Potassium). This is a quick dissolving granular fertilizer that is beneficial for all plants and trees. Moon Dust was especially developed for tough, compact, and alkaline soils. Designed for the desert, so perfect for Arizona, Moon Dust contains perfect amounts of Sulfur and Gypsum to fight the effects of salt in the soil. The #1 all-purpose fertilizer in the US!  

 

 

moon_green_fertMoon Green  Say goodbye to yellowing foliage! Moon Green is a safe and easy-to-use solution for yellowing trees and plants, which is a common problem here in the Arizona desert. Developed to help fight Iron Chlorosis (deficiency), we combined Iron with our Furst liquid technology for an easy fix. Along with being a liquid Iron supplement, Moon Green also helps reduce soil alkalinity and neutralize caliche clay soils. But most of all, it promotes greener and darker leaves (and grass)! Use Moon Green to bring greenness back into your landscape during our hot summers. 

 

soil_conditioner_fertSoil & Water Conditioner  Use this to make watering and fertilizing more efficient. Ideal for use with any fertilizers as it helps optimize soil conditions. Desert soil can be the most difficult part in growing trees as it is hard and has a high pH level. Moon Valley’s Soil and Water Conditioner helps breakup the salt buildup and loosens tough soil. The Sulfur contained will reduce the high pH level and lets the salt flush out of the root system. Gypsum leads to better drainage and loosening of the soil. By using the Soil & Water Conditioner every other month, your soil will be healthier which will allow your trees to access needed nutrients and water. 

 

Wait no longer! Call or visit your nearest Moon Valley Nurseries location to pick up the perfect fertilizer and supplements for your trees (and palms) today. Use the knowledge of our nursery pros to help select a fertilizer and plan a regime to keep your trees healthy and thriving! 

Let’s not forget to keep our lawns healthy and growing all summer long with Moon Royale Turf Fertilizer! This pilled homogeneous fertilizer is easy to apply to lawns and acts quickly. Get healthy, green grass with fewer weeds and damage with regular fertilization every four to six weeks. 

 

 

 

Topics: knowledge base

Think before you Irrigate!

Posted by Arica Harrison on 5/17/2018

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Think Before You Irrigate

As summer quickly approaches, and temperatures are starting to rise, we should get outside and do all those yard projects we have saved up. There are many things that go into re-doing a yard or creating one. While irrigation is key to keeping all things in a yard thriving, there are a few items you should handle first.

  1. Have a Plan for Your Yard: Before you start any work, you need a plan. Pretty straight-forwards, right? It is important to know what you want the end-product to look like; whether you want big shade trees, cactus, or pops of color. You might also want to think about what kind of style or feel you want. Maybe something like a tropical getaway or minimal and clean. Whatever you want, you should start with a plan. At Moon Valley Nurseries, our knowledgeable design pros are available to help you create your vision. They can either point you in the right direction, or they can do all the work for you!
  1. Plant First: It might seem like a good idea to lay all the groundwork and irrigation before planting, but it can create more work for you. Planting all your trees, shrubs, and other plants first can help the project go smoothly. By planting first, you will be able to know exactly where you will need the irrigation system to go and which areas are important. This means that you know where the trees will be, so you know where the water needs to go. If you do the irrigation system first then plant your tree, there’s a chance you will decide the tree looks better elsewhere before planting. This could mean that all that hard work installing the pipes, valves, and everything else would need to be changed. So, plant your trees first, then install the irrigation system.

Moon Valley Nursery pros are available to help your dream landscape come together! By having one of our passionate designers assist you, they can help you find the perfect trees and create a plan for where both the trees and irrigation should go. Call or stop by today to see what Moon Valley Nursery can for you and your yard!

See Watering Guide!

Topics: Insider, Industry Expert

Top 5 reasons to plant shade now

Posted by Arica Harrison on 5/17/2018

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There’s nothing like sitting under a big shade tree to get away from the hot summer sun. We can all attest to that. But there are many other reasons why shade trees are great. Below are our top reasons to plant them now.

  1. Save on Your Utilities by Properly Planting a Tree-It is possible to greatly reduce the cost of air conditioning by up to half by planting trees. In order for this to be effective, we need to plant a few trees strategically around our homes to achieve natural cooling. Ask a Moon Valley nursery pro on the proper places to plant shade trees to cut your utility costs, and start saving!
  1. Trees Block Unwanted Things and Create Privacy-Trees and plants are often used for privacy hedges or walls, but they can do so much more. Trees can also be used as sound barriers from noisy streets or busy parks. Planting trees around our homes can also help block such things as wind and dust from bothering us. Is the view from your backyard unappealing? Trees can be used to disguise unwanted views and creates a beautifully, calming canopy of green.
  1. Trees Increase Property Value-By creating a beautiful and well-designed landscape, we can increase the property value of our homes by as much as 15 percent. And who doesn’t want that? It’s an easy way to make a good investment.
  1. Trees Mark the Seasons-Every passing season brings new things. And this is very evident with trees. By planting trees, we can add variety to our landscapes. Spring brings bright green colors, while fall gives us vibrant colors of reds and oranges. Wondering when the seasons will change? Look to your trees and witness the exchange first-hand!
  1. Trees Create Cooler Environments-Over the last 50 years, average temperatures have risen about 6 degrees. This is due to increase production of roads and buildings which are heat-absorbing, and the decline in tree coverage. By planting trees, we can help cool our environments by creating shade for our homes and streets. Trees help cool our cities, so why not do our share and plant some trees?

At Moon Valley Nurseries, we grow our trees on our own local farms to ensure the greatest quality of trees. And, since we grow locally, our trees are custom to thrive in the Arizona environment. Below are some of our favorite shade trees for Arizona landscapes.

specimen tipu treesTipu (Tipuana tipu) – This fast-growing, semi-evergreen thrives in intense desert heat and loves full sun exposure. It’s feathery, bright bluish-green foliage along with its golden blooms gives year-round interest to any yard. As a bonus, Tipu trees attract butterflies, creating a beautiful environment for relaxation.

 

 

 

 

 

42Box-Ficus-Nitida-with-PersonFicus ‘Nitida’ (Ficus microcarpa ‘nitida’) – With dense, lush green foliage, this evergreen tree provides ample amounts of shade to any landscape. The white, multi-trunks pop against the green canopy which grows into an attractive, open natural shape. Perfect for blocking out neighborhood sounds and creating privacy.

 

 

 

 

 

5Live Oak (Quercus virginiana) – Also known as “Southern Live Oak”, this shade tree is a classic that the whole family will enjoy. Children love to use this tree to climb, and due to its long life, go ahead and carve your initials into it for later generations to find! Live Oaks have dense, dark green leaves that make up the large crown that spreads wide around the dark trunk. These trees are extremely drought tolerant and require low water, perfect for the Arizona climate.

 

 

 

 

EVERGREEN_ASH_MESA_993x625Evergreen Ash (Fraxinus udhei) –  Can’t go wrong with a park-style tree! Evergreen Ash trees, also known as Shamel Ash trees, have thick trunks with full canopies of glossy, long, dark green leaves. This tree requires minimal maintenance and pruning, making it simple to grow! It is fast-growing so you won’t have to wait long to enjoy large amounts of shade.

 

 

Chinese-Elm-2Chinese Elm ‘True Green’ (Ulmus parvifolia) – The Chinese Elm tree is perfect for the Southwestern areas! This large, and easy-to-care-for tree thrives in full sun and loves hot areas. Moon Valley carries the ‘True Green’ strain that does not weep. The wide, umbrella-shaped canopy creates massive amounts of shade, perfect for a sitting beneath for a picnic or hanging up a swing for the kids to enjoy! True Green elms have an upright, rounded growth habit and small, deep green leaves that are a favorite among homeowners.

Topics: Insider, Expert

Trees or Sod First

Posted by Arica Harrison on 5/11/2018

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This is the time that we are looking to revamp our yards and start big landscaping projects. And, most people think that they need to start with the sod and work up. Well, there’s a better way. Trees first, before sod! Sure, you might be tired of looking at dirt or patchy grass, wishing to see greenness wherever you look. But trees and plants are the key component to creating the desired feel and flow of a landscape. By starting the overhaul of your yard off right, the completed project you envisioned can come together quickly and with much less heartache.

First off, let’s talk about softscaping and hardscaping, two important terms in this landscaping process. Softscaping is all the trees, shrubs, plants, and flowers. Hardscaping is the more structural elements like pavers, rocks, and cement. For a great landscaping design, you need both softscaping and hardscaping.

So, when we say, trees first before sod, we mean softscaping before hardscaping. Natural before structural.  While sod is technically a natural item, think of it more as a permanent element, like you would a patio. If you wanted a patio around a large tree, you wouldn’t build the patio first then cut a whole and plant a tree in the middle. No. You would plant the tree first then build the patio around it. That is what it is like with sod and trees. There will be more work and potential heartaches if you lay sod down then decide to add trees and plants. If the sod goes down first, you will have to dig up portions where you want the tree, potentially damaging surrounding sod. And, if you need a crane or other equipment to bring in a large specimen tree, that could create ruts and more damage to your sod. So, why not bypass all those issues and plant trees first, then lay sod around them. No mess, no stress!

When new trees are planted into your yard, a Moon Valley Nursery professional planting crew will have to create a well around your tree to guarantee healthy growth. Why is that? The reason is because our boxed trees are grown in certain soil that will decompose after some time, and the tree will settle down about an inch. The well also helps hold water for the newly planted tree and then backfills the soil naturally. If the well is dug into the sod, there is the great possibility of the sod dying all around the area of the well. But, if the tree was planted first, you can lay the sod all the way up to the well with no dying patches. 

A bonus with planting trees first with Moon Valley Nurseries, you can get our Soil & Water Conditioner to help prep the soil for sod. The fertilizer will help balance out the salt levels and the Ph of the soil. It will make your normal watering and fertilizing of the new sod go further.

Visit your nearest Moon Valley Nursery location to start your yard revamp off right, with trees first!

Topics: Insider, Expert, Industry Expert, knowledge base

Best Trees by pools

Posted by Arica Harrison on 5/11/2018
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Everyone enjoys a nice refreshing dip in the pool during our hot Arizona summers. And we can help make that pool area even more enjoyable. By adding trees around a pool, you can create much needed shade, privacy, and a beautiful view. When looking to add trees to a pool area, it is important to look for trees that have little cleanup, non-invasive roots, and fit the style you want. Below are a few of our top trees to plant poolside.

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Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii):

These dwarf palms grow in both single and multi-trunk varieties, giving you options on the look you want. Their fine-textured, soft, curving leaves form a dense crown. Pygmy Date Palms are ideal for tight spaces and can even be planted in pots. We love to use them to fill in under taller palms and trees. Phoenix roebelenii roots are non-invasive and they are one of the cleanest palms available, perfect for around pools.

 

 

 

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Mexican Fan Palm (Washingtonia robusta):

This is the perfect palm for both tropical and resort style landscape designs. Its slender, slightly curved trunk can be “cigar cut” for a more formal appearance. Mexican Fan Palms have large, fan-shaped, bright green fronds with shorter leafstalks that feature a red streak on the underside. It thrives in full sun and requires little water once established, this makes it perfect for the Arizona desert.

 

 

 

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PIRU QUEEN PALM (SYAGRUS ROMANZOFFIANA ‘PIRU’):

Queen Palms have the go-to tropical look that we all love! Piru Queen Palms have thicker crowns, greener fronds, and thicker trunks than older varieties of Queen Palms. This durable evergreen palm has classic feathery, glossy palm fronds that are bright green in color. We grow these palms to be extremely hardy to heat, making them perfect for our local temperatures.

 

 

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Indian Laurel Fig (Ficus microcarpa ‘Nitida’):

The stunning weeping form has long, drooping branches that are covered with blunt-tipped leaves. The dense evergreen foliage of this tree has a two-tone effect, light rose to chartreuse coloring that contrasts beautifully with the white trunks. The multi-trunk Indian Laurel Fig is great to create privacy around your pool and, bonus, helps as a sound barrier. Ficus microcarpa ‘Nitida’ are grown to thrive in desert environments.

 

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Evergreen Ash (Fraxinus udhei):

Also known as Shamel Ash, this large, fast-growing shade tree is easy to grow and maintain with minimal pruning. It has classic, large-leaved, green foliage that adds to the classic park-style look of the Evergreen Ash. It is extremely tolerant and thrives in full sun. Shamel Ash have thick trunks and a full canopy that can provide shade as you relax in your pool.

 

 

 

Visit your nearest Moon Valley Nursery location to handpick the highest quality trees, custom grown to thrive in the Arizona environment at our local farms. Our knowledgeable nursery pros can help you find the perfect tree for the perfect spot. You can have your own pool paradise!

Topics: Insider, knowledge base

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